7 Possible Causes of a Detached Retina
Approximately 1 out of every 7 people experience retinal tears or detachments, according the Journal of the American Medical Association. Up to 50 percent of people who experience a retinal tear will have a following detachment. There are 7 common causes for retinal detachment:
- A blow or injury to the face or eyes
- High level of Near-sightedness (Myopia)
- Genetic predisposition
- Age: Over 40 years old
- Had a complicated cataract surgery
- Have previously had a detached retina
3 most common symptoms of a detached retina
A detached retina causes no pain so it is important to be vigilant of the symptoms.
- Seeing spots, floaters and/or flashes of light
- Blurry vision
- Shadows or darkness from the top or across the side of the eye
If you’ve experienced any of these symptoms, consult your eye doctor immediately. Speedy treatment increases your chances of correcting your vision.
5 Most Common Treatments for a Detached Retina
- Laser surgery – The laser around the retinal tear fuses the tissue back together.
- Cryopexy (freezing) – Applying extreme cold to the area leaves a delicate scar that re-connects the retina to the wall of the eye.
- Pneumatic retinopexy –The tear area is treated with extreme cold and a bubble is injected into the vitreous hollow of the eye, causing the retina to push against the detached area. The continuous pressure causes the retina to re-attach itself.
- Scleral buckling – Skinny strips of silicone are sewn onto the white of the eye. The tissue around the area may be frozen or lasers may be used to scar the tissue.
- Vitrectomy – the vitreous gel is removed and a gas or silicon oil bubble is applied; this holds the retina in position. The wound is stitched.
Approximately 85% retinal detachment surgeries are successful with one operation; the rest will need subsequent surgeries, according to the NIH (National Institutes of Health.
Those who have experienced a detached retina know how precious their eyesight is. It is important to take care of our eyes each and every day, starting by wearing sunglasses every single time we go outside sunny or not.